A soft tissue gum graft is used when there has been a significant amount of gum recession in a particular area. When the gums recede to expose the root surfaces, you will likely be more sensitive to hot and cold foods. The root is softer than the enamel making it more vulnerable to bacteria and plaque increasing the risk of root decay.
To restore proper gum level and functionality a soft tissue graft can be performed. This is done by either removing soft tissue from the roof of the mouth or repositioning healthy gum tissue from adjacent teeth. This procedure is very predictable and has a high success rate. This procedure should be performed before more serious problems develop and periodontal surgery is necessary.